Establishment of apicobasal polarity and the organization of the cytoskeleton must operate coordinately to ensure proper epithelial cell shape and function. However, the precise molecular mechanisms by which polarity complexes directly instruct the cytoskeletal machinery to determine cell shape are poorly understood. Here, we define a mechanism by which the PAR polarity complex (PAR3–PAR6–aPKC) at apical cell junctions leads to efficient assembly of the apical actomyosin network to maintain epithelial cell morphology. We found that the PAR polarity complex recruits the protein DAPLE to apical cell junctions, which in turn triggers a two-pronged mechanism that converges upon assembly of apical actomyosin. More specifically, DAPLE directly recruits the actin-stabilizing protein CD2AP to apical junctions and, concomitantly, activates heterotrimeric G protein signaling in a GPCR-independent manner to favor RhoA-myosin activation. These observations establish DAPLE as a direct molecular link between junctional polarity complexes and the formation of apical cytoskeletal assemblies that support epithelial cell shape.
DAPLE orchestrates apical actomyosin assembly from junctional polarity complexes
Rachel Xi-Yeen Ho’s present address is Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA.
- Award Id(s): R01GM136132
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Arthur Marivin, Rachel Xi-Yeen Ho, Mikel Garcia-Marcos; DAPLE orchestrates apical actomyosin assembly from junctional polarity complexes. J Cell Biol 2 May 2022; 221 (5): e202111002. doi: https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.202111002
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