The estrogen antagonist C1628 maintains sustained hypertrophy of the uterine epithelium and the synthesis of many proteins including peroxidase. C1628 is a progestogen, inducing secretion of the protein by surface epithelial and glandular cells. C1628 is a connective tissue mitogen, inducing DNA synthesis in fibroblasts and the endothelium. C1628 and estrogen share these properties mentioned above. Estrogen, however, induced moderate growth of the mucosa within a 24-h period and massive hyperplasia of the mucosa within a 24-h period thereafter. C1628 alone, or in combination with estradiol, does not have mitogenic effect on the mucosa, and in fact blocks the mitotic response normally induced by estrogen alone.