Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) treatment of toad urinary bladder activates an exocytotic-like process by which intramembrane particle aggregates are transferred from membranes of elongated cytoplasmic tubules to the luminal-facing plasma membrane. We find that the number of these ADH-induced fusion events, and the number of aggregates appearing in the luminal membrane, are reduced when the luminal bathing medium is made hyperosmotic. As an apparent consequence of the inhibition of their fusion with the luminal membrane, the elongated cytoplasmic tubules become enormously swollen into large, rounded vesicles. These results are consistent with the view that osmotic forces are essential to the basic mechanism of exocytosis.

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