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Lim et al. investigate the internalization mechanism of the antigen presenting molecule, MR1. Recognition of a conserved atypical motif in MR1’s cytoplasmic tail by AP2 defines the endocytosis rate and duration of MR1–metabolite cell surface display, functioning as the “off” switch for MR1 presentation.

Exosomes are derived from endosomal compartments with an ill-defined molecular identity and whose trafficking steps to secretion are poorly understood. Using advanced imaging approaches, the authors identified these compartments as pre-lysosomal endosomes that require dynamic membrane contact sites with the endoplasmic reticulum to induce a prosecretory cascade of small-GTPases.

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