Anamnestic antihapten responses were obtained to trinitrophenyl (TNP) when rabbits sensitized to trinitrophenyl-hemocyanin (TNP-KLH) were challenged with TNP-heterologous protein conjugates. Hapten-heterologous carrier conjugates elicited antihapten titers similar in magnitude to those elicited by the homologous carrier conjugate. Hapten-heterologous carrier recall of antihapten was successful as early as 37 days and as late as 11 months after sensitization. There was no correlation between anti-TNP-precipitating antibody titer after sensitization and the ability to respond to challenge by hapten-heterologous carrier. The results are discussed in terms of immunogenicity of sensitization, suppressive effects of persisting postsensitization antibody, and submolecular haptenic environment as factors possibly affecting the heterologous recall process.