Sensitized lymphocytes were incubated in vitro with the specific antigen Supernatants from these cultures were chromatographed on Sephadex G-100 columns. Supernatant fractions containing MIF, chemotactic factor, and lymphotoxin, but free of antigen and antibody, were incubated with normal peritoneal exudate macrophages. Macrophage adherence, phagocytosis, spreading, motility, and direct hexose monophosphate oxidation were enhanced, while protein synthesis was unaffected. Thus, antigen-stimulated lymphocytes secrete a factor or factors which enhance certain macrophage functions. Implications for models of cellular immunity and cellular hypersensitivity are discussed.

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