Interaction of polyoma virus, specific antibody, and complement has been studied. Firm evidence has been gathered that C1 through C3 and not C5 through C9 enhance neutralization of virus-antiviral antibody (V-Ab) complexes. C enhancement of neutralization occurs primarily by agglutination of V-Ab complexes and not by virion lysis or attachment of large protein molecules to the V-Ab complex. In this model, binding of C1, 4, 2, 3 to the V-Ab complex may explain why some viruses concentrate in or infect certain cells bearing C3 receptors such as B lymphocytes, macrophages, and monocytes.

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