Immune spleen cells from LCM virus-infected (CBA X C57BL/6)F1 radiation chimeras entirely repopulated with CBA-T6 lymphocytes were cytotoxic for allogeneic, LCM virus infected C57BL/6 mouse-derived target cells. Normal C57BL/6 targets were not lysed. CBA-T6 lymphocytes derived from (CBA X C57BL/6) radiation chimeras sensitized in vitro against TNP-conjugated C57BL/6 spleen cells lysed TNP-conjugated C57BL/6 targets. However normal C57BL/6 mouse-derived targets were not destroyed. The magnitude of virus-specific (or TNP-specific) cytotoxic responses against H-2 incompatible targets was lower compared to that against H-2 compatible targets. These data are considered to support and to extend the altered self concept, but are not consistent with the dual recognition concept.

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