3C10 and 1D9 are two related monoclonal antibodies that specifically identify human mononuclear phagocytes in a large number of sites, including blood monocytes, alveolar macrophages, and macrophages in tissue sections of spleen, lymph node, and skin. The antigen persists on monocytes cultured for greater than 4 wk, but it is not found on giant cells. The 3C10-1D9 determinant is carried by a 55 kD polypeptide, is expressed at approximately 40,000 copies per monocyte, and is protease sensitive. The antigen is clearly different from HLA-class II or Ia-like antigens that have been studied with a new monoclonal 9.3F10. The 9.3F10 antigen is found on B cells, dendritic cells and monocytes; is protease resistant, and occurs on a 33-29 kD doublet typical of class II products. The 3C10 monoclonal provides a clear distinction between human mononuclear phagocytes and dendritic cells. First, monocytes and lymphocytes can be eliminated from plastic-adherent mononuclear cells using 3C10, complement, and two previously described cytotoxic antibodies, BA-1 (anti-B cell) and Leu-1 (anti-T cell). As a result, the trace dendritic cell component of blood can be enriched to considerable purity (65-75%) and yield. Second, immunocytochemical staining of tissue sections reveals that 3C10+ macrophages are anatomically segregated from dendritic cells. Large numbers of 3C10+ cells are found in red pulp of spleen and in regions surrounding lymphatic channels of lymph node. However, 3C10+ macrophages are scarce in white pulp of spleen and the lymphocyte-rich cortex of node that are the sites where dendritic cells are localized. 3C10+ cells in skin are found in the dermis, particularly in leprosy infiltrates, but the Langerhans' cells of epidermis are 3C10-. The distinctive localization of macrophages and dendritic cells is consistent with their respective functions as effector and accessory cells in the immune response.
Specific antimononuclear phagocyte monoclonal antibodies. Application to the purification of dendritic cells and the tissue localization of macrophages.
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W C Van Voorhis, R M Steinman, L S Hair, J Luban, M D Witmer, S Koide, Z A Cohn; Specific antimononuclear phagocyte monoclonal antibodies. Application to the purification of dendritic cells and the tissue localization of macrophages.. J Exp Med 1 July 1983; 158 (1): 126–145. doi: https://doi.org/10.1084/jem.158.1.126
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