To function efficiently in vivo, lymphocytes must circulate from the blood into lymphoid tissues and other sites of immune reaction. Herein, we show that human cytotoxic and helper T cell clones and lines, maintained in vitro with IL-2, express the functional capacity to recognize and bind to high endothelial venules (HEV), a capacity essential for lymphocyte exit from the blood, and hence for normal lymphocyte trafficking. The expression of functional homing receptors distinguishes human T cell clones from their murine counterparts, which uniformly lack receptors for HEV and are unable to migrate normally from the blood in vivo. The results raise the possibility that human T cell clones may be more effective in mediating in vivo immune responses than is suggested by murine models.
Human T cell clones express functional homing receptors required for normal lymphocyte trafficking.
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R F Navarro, S T Jalkanen, M Hsu, G Søenderstrup-Hansen, J Goronzy, C Weyand, C G Fathman, C Clayberger, A M Krensky, E C Butcher; Human T cell clones express functional homing receptors required for normal lymphocyte trafficking.. J Exp Med 1 September 1985; 162 (3): 1075–1080. doi: https://doi.org/10.1084/jem.162.3.1075
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