By three criteria, we have demonstrated that B cell stimulatory factor (BSF-1) and B cell differentiation factor (BCDF-gamma) are the same lymphokine. Highly purified preparations of high performance liquid chromatography-purified or affinity-purified BSF-1 had BCDF-gamma activity but not BCDF-mu activity. A monoclonal anti-BSF-1 antibody coupled to Sepharose depleted both BSF-1 and BCDF-gamma activity but not BCDF-mu activity from two different T cell supernatants. Soluble monoclonal anti-BSF-1 blocked the BSF-1 and BCDF-gamma but not the BCDF-mu responses. These results suggest that BSF-1 acts on both resting and activated B cells to induce different effects.

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