A factor that promotes the growth of certain B cell hybridomas and of plasmacytomas is shown to be produced by normal human fibroblasts and by a line of human osteosarcoma cells (MG-63) after treatment with IL-1 or TNF. The hybridoma-plasmacytoma growth factor (HPGF) is identified with a 26 kD protein whose mRNA was previously shown to be induced in the same cells by the same inducers. First, poly(A)-rich RNA extracted from IL-1-treated cells could be enriched in HPGF-mRNA content by hybridization to 26 kD cDNA. Second, MG-63-derived HPGF purified to electrophoretic homogeneity was subjected to amino acid sequence analysis, whereby the NH2-terminal sequence was found to match the nucleotide sequence of a 26 kD cDNA clone.

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