Induction of switch recombination to the gamma 1 and epsilon immunoglobulin (Ig) heavy chain loci was examined in B cells preactivated with anti-Ig (B lymphoblasts). In B lymphoblasts cultured with interleukin 4 (IL-4), IL-5 induced the accumulation of S micro-S gamma 1 rearrangements, but not epsilon recombination. Thus, IL-5 facilitates switch recombination directed to the gamma 1 heavy chain locus by IL-4, but additional signals are required to drive rearrangements to epsilon. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), in the presence of IL-4, induced the accumulation of both S micro-S gamma 1 and S micro-S epsilon rearrangements, and cells treated with LPS exhibited 40-50-fold more S micro-S gamma 1 rearrangements than cells cultured with IL-5. Induction of switch recombination was not always associated with secretion of the respective Ig isotype, since concentrations of IL-4 that were sufficient to direct switch recombination to gamma 1 and epsilon in blasts treated with LPS failed to elicit secretion of IgG1 and IgE. These results demonstrate differential requirements for switch recombination to the gamma 1 and epsilon loci, as well as independent regulation of Ig gene rearrangement and secretion of each isotype.
Independent regulation of DNA recombination and immunoglobulin (Ig) secretion during isotype switching to IgG1 and IgE.
J M Purkerson, P C Isakson; Independent regulation of DNA recombination and immunoglobulin (Ig) secretion during isotype switching to IgG1 and IgE.. J Exp Med 1 June 1994; 179 (6): 1877–1883. doi: https://doi.org/10.1084/jem.179.6.1877
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