CD40 plays an important role in B cell activation, proliferation, and Ig class switching. The signal transduction pathway mediated by CD40 was studied using monoclonal antibody (mAb) 626.1 to CD40. Burkitt's lymphoma and Epstein-Barr virus-transformed B cell lines and tonsilar B lymphocytes were treated with the anti-CD40 mAb for various lengths of time. The early events triggered by CD40 were examined by monitoring the changes in tyrosine phosphorylation of cellular proteins with anti-phosphotyrosine mAb. Dephosphorylation of specific proteins ranging between 50-110 kD and the appearance of a 28-kD tyrosine phosphorylated protein were seen within 30 s in human B cell lines. The dephosphorylation was reversed and the 28-kD protein was dephosphorylated in cells stimulated for 1 min. In resting B cells, the appearance of the 28-kD phosphoprotein was observed in 30 s after the addition of the anti-CD40 mAb. The tyrosine phosphorylation of this protein persisted. The patterns of protein tyrosine phosphorylation differed from those induced by an anti-immunoglobulin M mAb. The changes in the state of tyrosine phosphorylation induced by the anti-CD40 mAb were obviated by mAb to CD45, a protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) or by the addition of sodium orthovanadate, a broad PTP inhibitor. They were also blocked by protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) inhibitors, herbimycin A and genistein, and PKC and protein serine/threonine kinase inhibitors, H7 and HA1004. In addition, the alteration in the tyrosine phosphorylation of PTKs Lyn, Fyn, and Syk was directly demonstrated. Engagement of CD40 for 30 s induced a transient decrease in tyrosine phosphorylation of these PTKs. These results indicate that the early events in CD40 signaling involve the complex interaction between PTP and protein kinases.

This content is only available as a PDF.