A study has been undertaken of the rate of inactivation of spores of the ascomycete fungus Aspergillus niger when bombarded in vacuum, with homogeneous beams of cathode rays of energies from 4 to 15 electron kv. and current densities of 1 x 10–7 to 3 x 10–6 amperes per square cm. These velocities and densities are in the range of those of showers of secondary electrons produced in biological materials irradiated with moderately soft x-rays, and so may be made to serve as quantitative indicators of the mechanics of x-ray action. Four qualitative effects are described.

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