The effect of temperature upon the bioelectric potential across the protoplasm of impaled Valonia cells is described. Over the ordinary tolerated range, the P.D. is lowest around 25°C., rising both toward 15° and 35°. The time curves are characteristic also. The magnitude of the temperature effect can be controlled by changing the KCl content of the sea water (normally 0.012 M): the magnitude is greatly reduced at 0.006 M KCl, enhanced at 0.024 M, and greatly exaggerated at 0.1 M KCl.

Conversely, temperature controls the magnitude of the potassium effect, which is smallest at 25°, with a cusped time course. It is increased, with a smoothly rising course, at 15°, and considerably enhanced, with only a small cusp, at 35°. A temporary "alteration" of the protoplasmic surface by the potassium is suggested to account for the time courses. This alteration does not occur at 15°; the protoplasm recovers only slowly and incompletely at 25°, but rapidly at 35°, in such fashion as to make the P.D. more negative than at 15°. This would account for the temperature effects observed in ordinary sea water.

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