The permeability ratio of Millipore filters saturated with organic solvents to K and to Na has been studied by measuring the potential difference across these filters. It was found that with n-octanol, toluene, and chloroform the membranes were more permeable to K+ than to Na+, the degree of discrimination being in inverse proportion to the polarity of the solvent. The dependence of NaCl and KCl diffusion potentials upon the concentration gradients across a filter soaked with about 1:1 toluene/n-butanol solution, could be expressed by the constant field equation, if it is assumed that this layer is 6 to 7 times more permeable to K+ than to Na+ and that the permeability to Cl- is negligible. Elevating the fraction of toluene in n-butanol in the separating phase makes it more selective.

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