Continuous culture of coli 12λ, P22, 600-434, 600-21, and 600-299 in the presence of triethylenemelamine (TEM) results in the appearance of a new virulent virus which attacks the parent culture. N-Methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) is effective with 600-21 and ultraviolet light with 12λ and 600-21. The cultures which produce the virulent virus continue to do so indefinitely in the absence of the mutagen, but are not lysogenic for the virus. Most of the cells in such cultures are resistant to the virus and do not produce any, but there are a few mutant cells sensitive to the virus and the virus multiplies by infection of these sensitive mutants.

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