Red cells from high K sheep contained 82 mM K/liter cells and had a pump flux of 0.86 mM K/liter cells x hr; similarly, LK cells had 16.5 mM K/liter cells and a pump flux of 0.12 mM K/liter cells x hr. Using [3H]-ouabain, the relation between the number of ouabain molecules bound per cell and the concomitant per cent inhibition of the pump was found to be approximately linear for both HK and LK cells. The number of glycoside molecules necessary for 100 % inhibition of the pump was 42 for HK cells and 7.6 for LK cells, after correction for six nonspecific binding sites for each type of cell. The ratio of ouabain molecules/cell at 100 % inhibition was 5.5, HK to LK, and the ratio of the normal K pump fluxes was 7.2, HK to LK. The similarity of these ratios suggests that an important difference between HK and LK cells, determining the difference in pump fluxes, is the number of pump sites. The turnover times (ions/site x min) are 6000 and 4800 for HK and LK cells, respectively. The results also indicate a high specificity of binding of ouabain to pump sites.