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Research News

JGP study suggests that varying the head group of polyunsaturated fatty acids could enable personalized treatments for long QT syndrome.

Research Articles

In Special Collection: Biophysics 2021

Bohannon et al. show that polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) vary in their ability to activate cardiac IKs potassium channels depending on the pKa of the PUFA head group, allowing PUFAs to be tuned to treat long QT syndrome mutants with different disease severity.

In Special Collection: Biophysics 2021

Mammalian isoforms of mitochondrial VDAC have unique functional roles in vivo, but they all share similar β-barrel pore structures. Queralt-Martín et al. provide the first mechanistic insights into VDAC’s isoform-specific function by showing that VDAC3 exhibits unique properties when interacting with cytosolic proteins α-synuclein and tubulin.

Neuronal ASIC channels mediate excitatory sodium currents in response to extracellular acidification. Lynagh et al. reveal the essential roles of pore-lining glutamates in ion conduction and selectivity for ASIC1a- and ASIC2a-containing channels.

In Special Collection: Cardiac Physiology 2021

The expression of expanded CUG-repeat RNAs in myotonic dystrophy type 1 patients is associated with cardiac electrophysiological defects and an elevated risk of sudden cardiac death. Tylock et al. reveal that expression of these RNAs in the murine heart results in prolonged QRS and corrected QT-intervals due to alterations in sodium and potassium channel activity.

In Special Collection: Biophysics 2021

The auxiliary proteins CaM and FHF bind to the C-terminal domain of voltage-gated sodium channels to limit the persistent inward currents associated with cardiac arrhythmias. Gade et al. reveal that CaM and FHF exert their effects by stabilizing an interaction between the channel’s C-terminal domain and III-IV linker region.

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